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War Memorials

CIVILIAN RESIDENTS KILLED BY ENEMY ACTION  1939 - 1945

 

Budleigh War Memorial on Coastguard Hill

Budleigh War Memorial on Coastguard Hill

© Richard J. Brine

 

Between the start of the Second World War in September 1939 and the end of 1941, civilian casualties on the British mainland far outnumbered  those of servicemen fighting at the front.

 

Government maps made by those planning defence strategies for the UK show that although high civilian casualties were anticipated, it was thought these were most likely to occur in and around London and industrial areas further north.  Devon, it was predicted, would remain a relatively safe area and was designated a safe haven for evacuees from other parts. So confident was the government of its predictions that it was not until 1942 that the first consignment of Morrison indoor air raid shelters arrived in Exeter - just 6000 for an entire city. In many rural areas, only as late as 1944  were Anderson and Morrison shelters being made available for the first time; allocation was means-tested so that only the poorest people could be supplied with a shelter free of charge. Budleigh Salterton received its first consignment of air raid shelters at the beginning of 1943 long after its ordeal by air raid had begun.

 

On the other hand, maps captured after the war plainly show that our enemies had other ideas. The south-west had been a favourite holiday destination among Germans prior to the outbreak of war. Through Nazi eyes, Devon was part of a vital national rail network, connecting other British naval bases to the great dockyard at Plymouth and facilitating troop movement. More importantly, they saw a place where they might inflict damage of another kind. They saw a county steeped in history with a wealth of beautiful architecture which was inhabited by a kindly, peace-loving population - might not the British people be made to feel fear to the point where they considered giving in and surrendering their heritage in order to preserve it? It seemed like a strategy worth trying so, from the very earliest days of the war, Devon experienced dozens and dozens of small raids - called "tip and run" raids locally - when perhaps a one or two planes suddenly flew in over the coast in broad daylight to drop a land mine or a high explosive bomb at random, before abruptly turning tail and heading away again.

In addition to those who died in the two World Wars, Budleigh Salterton's War Memorial lists these civilian names:

 

Civiian casualties on Budleigh War Memorial

The civilian inscription on Budleigh's War Memorial

©Richard J. Brine

 

D. ACKLAND
Civilian. Dorothy Ackland of Seafield, Budleigh Salterton. Daughter of the late Dr. and Mrs. J. M. Ackland.  Born in the September Quarter of 1889 in Exeter. Died while visiting Guildford at 12 Aldersey Road on 25 August 1944 aged 55.
F. E. DAVIE
Civilian. Florence Ellen Davie of 31 Armytage Road, Budleigh Salterton. Wife of Arthur John Davie and mother of Joyce Catherine Davie (see below). Died at 31 Armytage Road 5 July 1941 aged 34.
J. C. DAVIE
Child. Joyce Catherine Davie of 31 Armytage Road, Budleigh Salterton. Daughter of Florence Ellen Davie (see above) and Arthur John Davie. Died at 31 Armytage Road 5 July 1941 aged 8.
V. J. DAVIE

Civilian. Victor John Davie, an A.R.P. Messenger of 31 Chapel Street, Budleigh Salterton. Son of Mrs. M. E. Davie. Injured at Exmouth 1 March 1941 and died the same day at the Hospital, Littleham aged 21.

H. EVANS
Child. Hazel Ann Evans of The Hedges, Budleigh Salterton. Died at The Strand, Littleham, Exmouth on 26 February 1943 aged 15.
D. V. HADDEN
Civilian VAD member (Voluntary Aid Detachment). Doris Violet Hadden was the daughter of the late Harvey Hadden and Violet Hadden of Inholmes Holt, Woodlands, Newbury Berks. Born in the June Quarter of 1903 in Warwick.  She died at 10 Clinton Terrace, Budleigh Salterton on 5 July 1941 aged 38.
M. K. M. HUDSON

Civilian. Mary Katherine Moore Hudson, WVS Fire Guard of The Bungalow, Budleigh Salterton. Daughter of the late Major-General Henry George and Helen Scot Fraser De la Fosse; widow of Henry Ewan Hudson. Died at The Strand, Littleham, Exmouth on 26 February 1943 aged 69.

J. M. LOWE
Child. Joyce Mary Lowe of 31, Armytage Road, Budleigh Salterton. Daughter of William and V.V. E. Lowe.  Injured at 31 Armytage Road on 5 July 1941; died the same day at the Cottage Hospital aged 11.
M. A. PINE
Civilian. Mary Ann Pine (née Shields) of 31 Armytage Road, Budleigh Salterton. Widow of John Spencer Pine. Injured 5 July 1941 at 31 Armytage Road; died at the Cottage Hospital 6 July 1941 aged 74.
S. SANDERS
Civilian.  Sara Sanders of 35 Armytage Road, Budleigh Salterton. Died at 35 Armytage Road on 5 July 1941 aged 76.

 

 
 
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